Base Scone recipe

My favorite basic scone recipe.  Start with these and add whatever catches your fancy for some delicious scones.

3 cups all purpose flour
1/3 cup sugar
2 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
3/4 cup (1 1/2 sticks) chilled unsalted butter
1 cup chilled buttermilk

Preheat oven to 400°F. Mix flour, sugar, baking powder, salt and baking soda into large bowl. Cut in butter until mixture resembles coarse meal. Add buttermilk gradually, mixing until moist clumps form.

Turn dough out onto lightly floured work surface. Knead briefly until dough comes together. At this time, add extras such as dried fruit.

Pat into 1-inch-thick round and cut into 8 wedges. Bake on ungreased cookie sheet until tops of scones are golden brown, about 25 minutes.

Extras:

2/3 c finely chopped candied ginger or apricots, craisins, etc.
Zest of 1 orange or lemon
chocolate or cinnamon chips
Brush the scone with cream or buttermilk and sprinkle with turbinado sugar crystals

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